Reducing Air Pollution through Improvement in Transport System


Air pollution is a serious problem in major cities of India. This problem is prevalent in Hyderabad too. Ambient concentrations of fine particulate matter can have both economic and human impacts. Where health is concerned, air pollution results in respiratory disorders, skin rashes, allergies and premature death due to exposure to elevated levels of toxic and harmful pollutants. Further, the non-health impacts are also substantial.


Vehicles and Air Pollution

Too many vehicles on the road are one of the main contributors to air pollution. People using private vehicles such as cars, motorcycles and scooters, often cause high levels of emissions. Sulphur dioxide, carbon monoxide and NoX are common emissions from vehicles and when their levels in the environment increase, it leads to air pollution.


How to Control Air Pollution

One of the ways to control air pollution is improving the public transport system. When there is a comfortable, efficient and cost effective transport system, commuters will be more inclined to using it.


There has to be a concerted effort to provide alternatives to private vehicles. One such alternative is the metro, which is a mass transit system. HMR is coming up with an elevated metro in Hyderabad and this will not only prove to be a cheaper mode of transportation, but also comfortable and quick. The state-of-the-art technology and well-ventilated stations will help people reduce their commute time across the city. When more people use Hyderabad Metro, it will result in reduction in private vehicles and this, in turn, will help to reduce emissions. When vehicular emissions reduce, air pollutants will be controlled.


It is envisaged that Hyderabad Metro Rail will go a long way in providing mobility to people, who use smaller vehicles because of affordable commute, and it will attract those with larger vehicles because of efficient service, cleanliness and quick mode of transportation through busy areas of the city.